Agile Methodologies

Q1. Teams may encounter the need for “technical” user stories. Who decides the priority of these?

Q2. What is the Scrum Master’s role during the daily stand-up?

Q3. Which factor should not be considered during Sprint Planning?

Q4. A team member has been showing signs of great personal distress: crying at work, snapping at colleagues, and having heated phone conversations. As a Team Facilitator, what should you do?

Q5. Which statement describes the flow of work in the Scaled Agile Framework?

Q6. What is the Product Owner’s role in deciding the priority of work in the sprint backlog?

Q7. The Scaled Agile Framework advocates that, if you measure only one thing, what should you measure?

Q8. Why should you apply for the Weighted Shortest Job First?

Reference Weighted Shortest Job First (WSJF) is a prioritization model used to sequence jobs (eg., Features, Capabilities, and Epics) to produce the maximum economic benefit. In a flow-based system, priorities are updated continuously to provide the best economic outcomes. Job sequencing, rather than individual job return on investment, produces the best result. To that end, WSJF is used to prioritize backlogs by calculating the relative CoD and job size (a proxy for the duration).

Q9. You have classified the features in your backlog according to risk and value. Which features should the development team work on first?

Reference It is suggested that high business value, high-risk items are worked on first. While that may seem counterintuitive, the earlier this work is done, the sooner the team will move to mitigate the issues and unknowns—leading to a higher-quality product. If there's a failure, it will occur early and relatively inexpensively.

Q10. In the Scaled Agile Framework, what is the role of Enablers?

Q11. Which outcome is not expected of a Sprint Review?

Q12. What is not a technique used for splitting user stories?

Q13. Who decides what the team will work on?

Q14. Which choice is not a Scrum value?

Q15. What should happen if the Product Owner does not accept a story by the end of the iteration?

Q16. Which statement is not true about the product backlog?

Q17. A project has some major risks that the team wants to mitigate. What is the best way to monitor how well this effort is going?

Q18. The VP of Engineering wants to start giving out a “Team Member of the Sprint” award to recognize a top performer in each group. What advice should you give this VP?

Q19. What is the difference between a team’s task board and a Kanban?

Reference Explicit rule applies to scrum team's task board: tasks cannot be added to the scrum board in the middle of a sprint.

Q20. The team complains that “things have been falling through the cracks lately.” What should you do?

Q22. In the Cynefin framework, where are “best practices” most appropriate?

Q23. A manager informs you that a developer from another team is between assignments, and she wants to place the developer on your team for a few sprints. What should you do?

Q24. The Product Owner complains to you that the team is not working hard enough and they need to increase their velocity by at least 50%. Which action should you not take?

Q25. What is the name of the practice in which a cross-functional team collaborates intensively to develop a new product idea?

Q26. The team’s manager wants to attend the Sprint Retrospective. What should you do?

Q27. Who is responsible for a Scrum team’s performance?

It is one of the responsibilities of the Scrum Master! A Scrum Master is responsible for ensuring a Scrum team is operating as effectively as possible with Scrum values. This means they keep the team on track, plan and lead meetings, and work out any obstacles the team might face. Reference

Q28. Which statement concerning small, frequent releases of software is true?

Q29. What is the activity of clarifying and expanding user stories called?

Q30. Which strategy is preferred for development teams?

"…your job is to minimize output, and maximize outcome and impact." - Jeff Patton

Q31. Which statement is true about the actor in a user story?

Reference Actors can be a person, group, or system(s).

Q32. Which statement is true about Agile?

Q33. Which statement about burndown and burnup charts is not true?

Q34. What is the name for the practice of going to see a process in use at the point of value delivery?

Reference The Gemba Walk is an opportunity for staff to stand back from their day-to-day tasks to walk the floor of their workplace to identify wasteful activities.

Q35. When the team needs to make a decision, what is the best course of action?

Q36. Which action is something the Team facilitator should NOT do?

Q37. A team needs to do research, design, or prototyping. What is this type of story called?

Q38. Which statement about technical debt is true?

Q39. Which statement about estimating is not true?

Q40. Which ceremony should the Product Owner not attend?

Q41. Which task is not the product owner’s responsibility?

Q42. Which choice is _not_ considered during Sprint Planning?

Q43. You have noticed a pattern that the most interesting stories on the Sprint Backlog get started right away, and the least interesting stories languish or don’t get done. What should you do?

Q44. What Agile practice best supports this principle: “At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly”?

Q45. On what are personas typically based?

Q46. Which statement describes Shu Ha Ri?

Reference Japanese martial art concept which describes the stages of learning to mastery.

Q47. What does the Agile Manifesto indicate?

[Refernce] ( Full Manifesto.

Q48. What is the main benefit of a working agreement?

Q49. What is the name of the information radiator that has multiple columns used to visualize the flow of work?

Q50. Which is the best definition of story points?

Q51. What is a Scrum of Scrums?

Q52. What is the Product Owner’s role regarding the product backlog?

Q53. Why should a team do refactoring?

Q54. Which choice is not a benefit generally associated with product demonstrations?

Q55. What is an information radiator?

Q56. According to the Agile Manifesto, your highest priority is to _.

Q57. Product development organizations sometimes use descriptions of archetypal users and their values so that developers can design the system to meet their needs and wants. What are these descriptions called?

Q58. The Product Owner is focused on testing a new system concept in the marketplace as quickly and inexpensively as possible. What is this first-generation product called?

Q59. To whom should the Product Owner report?

Q60. What happens in Sprint 0?

Q61. What does the Definition of Done mean?

Q62. Which element is most important when describing your product?

Q63. Which choice best describes the Team Facilitator?

Q64. What is the name of the technique that divides a story into smaller pieces?

Reference What is story slicing? To build features effectively, and deliver user value in increments, the functionality needs to be broken down further into smaller user stories. Many times the team keeps splitting the user stories into smaller pieces of value, so they can complete the story in a sprint. This is called story-slicing or splitting.

Q65. A team member comes to you with a complaint about another team member. What should you do?

Q66. What is the forming-storming-norming, performing model of team development known as?

Q67. What is the name of the ceremony in which you inspect the work completed during the sprint?

Sprint Retrospective: Reflect on the previous sprint, discuss what’s working well, what could be improved, and how to improve it to be more productive. Reference Sprint Review: Discuss what has been accomplished during the sprint and whether the sprint goal has been met.

Q68. Which choice best describes an Agile Release Train (ART)?

Q69. As an Agile coach, what should be your attitude toward your team members’ individual goals and motivations?

Q70. Which phrase best describes an Agile team?

Q71. Which technique does not help prioritize the backlog?

Reference oznaczające japońską filozofię biznesową (sposób postępowania) ustawicznego polepszania, poprawiania procesu zarządzania i produkcji na wszystkich jego szczeblach, z uwzględnieniem technik biznesu “just-in-time”.

Q72. What does the Definition of Ready mean?

Reference Definition of Ready means that stories must be immediately actionable. The Team must be able to determine what needs to be done and the amount of work required to complete the User Story.

Q73. Which is NOT a principle of the Scaled Agile Framework?

Source: Underlying principles of SAFe

Q74. What is the definition of capacity?

Q75. The team is complaining that they send requests for clarification to the Product Owner, but these requests go unanswered. What action should you take?

Q76. Which choice is a pillar of Lean?

Reference Two pillars are (1) Continuous Improvement, and (2) Respect for People.

Q77. Which statement best describes Agile, Lean, and Six Sigma?

  1. Reference - The first paragraph clearly points out that Agile is about delivering value to the customer.
  2. Lean is a subset of the Agile community and
  3. Six Sigma is Agile applied to manufacturing.

Q78. What is a user story?

Q79. What is the expected output of a Planning Poker meeting?

Q80. What is the definition of velocity?

Q81. What is most important for a successful Product Owner to understand?

Reference A Scrum Team has 3 roles - Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Developers. All 3 roles generate Value in their contexts; however, it is the Product Owner who maximizes the Value from a product or business context.

Q82. Which statement about the Agile Manifesto is true?

Q83. The team is not going to complete its Sprint Commitment. As the Team Facilitator, what should you do?

Reference, the last paragraph perfectly informs what an agile developer would do in this situation.

Q84. When a user story is further decomposed, what are the elements called?

Q85. What does collective ownership mean?

Q86. According to the Agile Manifesto, how often should developers and business people work together?

Q87. What do you call the practice of writing a test before the code is written?

Q88. What is the term for a team member who is “T-skilled”?

Q89. Which statement is not true about pair programming?

Q90. People with a fixed mindset _ .

Q91. How can you improve interaction between team members?

Q92. What is the expected outcome of the daily stand-up meeting?

Q93. What is the name of the technique in which a story is broken down, input splits the data, and it results in a new output?

ITIOO isn’t a thing, thin verticle slicing is referring to what work you prioritise, and structured code has nothing to do with stories.

Q94. What is the term for a team member who is “T-shaped”?

Cross-functional and generalizing specialist seem to be both correct but we talk more about cross functional teams, and in the case of a team member the term would be more like a generalizing specialist I believe Reference This refers to teams: Reference One of the challenges for organizations, when they move to Agile ways of working, is the often mentioned need to build teams made up of "T-shaped" people. This can also be described as a cross-functionality.

Q95. What is a lean canvas?

Reference 1-page business plan template that helps you deconstruct your idea into its key assumptions using 9 basic building blocks.

Q96. The team is not going to complete its Sprint Commitment. As a Team Facilitator, what should you do?

Sprints cannot be extended. The Scrum Guide is pretty clear on this: you don’t extend sprints. At the end of a sprint, if there is incomplete work: “All incomplete Product Backlog Items are re-estimated and put back on the Product Backlog.”
Reference Number 4: 4) What happens if the Developers cannot complete their work by the end of the Sprint? The Developers inform the Product Owner. The Scrum Team should then inspect & adapt to prevent this in the future if it is a problem. Understanding why this has happened will be critical.

Q97. Which of these traits is most important for being an effective Team Facilitator?

Reference nonverified answer - A facilitator is someone who helps a group identify common objectives and then offers group processes to achieve defined outcomes while maintaining neutrality. A skilled facilitator consciously embodies self-awareness, self-management, and bias management, while conveying openness and enthusiasm.

Q98. When is the best time to update the team’s burndown chart?

Q99. What is an Empathy Map?

Q100. Which work descriptions are not written in the language of users?

It says: NOT written in the language of users. A story, also referred to as a user story, is a short-form request that can be delivered in one sprint. It is written in simple language from the perspective of the user.

It should be Tasks: A task is a subsection of a story. It helps to break the story down and outline how it will be completed. Tasks tend to be more technical as they are used by members of the development team.

Q101. The team has an incomplete story at the end of the sprint and wants to claim partial credit for the work completed. What should you do?

Q102. When planning a meeting, which action is most important?

Q103. You are facilitating a meeting and, unexpectedly, a key person doesn’t attend. What should you do?

Q104. What is Open Space?

Q105. Which choice is not an expected benefit of refactoring?

Q106. In the Scaled Agile Framework, consecutive iterations are grouped into a PI. What is a PI?

Reference A Program Increment (PI) is a timebox during which an Agile Release Train (ART) delivers incremental value in the form of working, tested software and systems. PIs are typically 8 – 12 weeks long.

Q107. How can you improve interaction between team members?

Moving people around and redesigning the office space can improve the interaction between team members and it is well documented: Reference

Q108. Which scale is typically used for Planning Poker?

Q109. You are the Scrum Master and, having just facilitated a meeting, you’re reflecting on ways to improve. What skill are you displaying?

Q110. What background information is most important for a successful Product Owner to understand?

It’s the same as Q81, just a slightly differently phrased question.

Q111. You are facilitating a meeting to decompose user stories and, unexpectedly, a development team member cannot attend. What should you do?

Q112. As the Scrum Master, you’ve observed that team members are more comfortable communicating via instant messaging than through direct conversions. How can you encourage conversation between team members?

Q113. What is the expected outcome of the Daily Scrum meeting?

Q114. In Agile, which of the following options is a high priority?

Reference Agile projects are characterized by a series of tasks that are conceived, executed and adapted as the situation demands and one of the priorities is working software.

Q115. What types of environments work best for Agile principles?

Reference The Agile environment appeals to quick actions, discussions, evaluations, and considerations for different approaches. It works great in dynamic environments where there is a potential for changing or evolving requirements.

Q116. What does being a Cross-Functional team mean?

Q117. What is a PBI?

Q118. Which of the following scrum events is dedicated to process improvement?

Q119. For a month-long sprint, the time-box for a sprint retrospective is _.

Q120. Which type of Kanban diagram shows the number of issues in each of the states?

Reference A Kanban cumulative flow diagram visualizes your team’s processes and helps identify areas of improvement

Q121. Which of the following statements about a Kanban control chart is false?

Q122. What does EBM consider in Managerial Decisions?

Q123. Stacey’s process complexity model shows us that agile thinking is best **___**.

Q124. What is a DEEP product backlog?

Q125. Which Jira feature provides an overview of multiple projects?

Q126. Which of the following elements is not a pillar of Scrum?

Q127. What aspects of the product is the Product Owner responsible for?

Q128. In Scrum, at the end of each sprint, there is a _ meeting in which the team receives and gives feedback on their processes and their performance.

Q129. In the INVEST acronym for user stories, what does the “V” stand for?

Q130. Having a mindset focused on growth and opportunity is healthy for Agile team members. How can you display a growth mindset?

Q131. Which statement about the Agile Manifesto is true?

Reference "(...)others sympathetic to the need for an alternative to documentation driven, heavyweight software development processes convened." [First paragraph]

Q132. Progress toward a sprint goal is in jeopardy because you have not received sales data. What should you do?

Q133. When is the best time to review the team’s burndown chart?

Q134. Which statement about the actor in a user story can be true?

Q135. Which choice is not a recognized framework for scaling Agile?


Q136. Where are teams most likely to find the first signs of potential problems?

Q137. When working with a Scrum team, who is chiefly responsible for ensuring that the project delivers value?

Source "The scrum master is the role responsible for gluing everything together and ensuring that scrum is being done well. In practical terms, that means they help the product owner define value, the development team deliver the value, and the scrum team to get to get better."

Q138. There are several configurations of the Scaled Agile Framework in Version 5.0. Which is not one of the configurations?

Q139. What is Lean Canvas?

Q140. As a Scrum Master, you have noticed a pattern that the most interesting stories on the sprint backlog get started right away, and the least interesting stories languish or don’t get done. What should you do?