linkedin-skill-assessments-quizzes

jQuery

Q1. What’s the difference between these two snippets?

$('button').on('click', function () {
  alert('you clicked the button!');
});
$('button').click(function () {
  alert('you clicked the button!');
});

Q2. What does the following line of code do?

jQuery('p')

Q3. Given the following HTML, how could we use one line to hide or show the button?

<button class="btn btn-primary" type="submit">Continue to checkout</button>

Q4. Working with AJAX, we may run into situations where a piece of code should not be run until after multiple AJAX calls have completed successfully. Say we need to call two external services for JSON data (a list of students, and a list of classes). And only after retrieving those data will we perform some manipulations on a page. What is the preferred way for dealing with this scenario?

https://example.com/json-api/students
https://example.com/json-api/classes

$.get(
  ['https://example.com/json-api/students', 'https://example.com/json-api/classes'],
  function (studentRequest, classRequest) {
    // the rest of the code goes here
  },
);
$.when(
  $.get('https://example.com/json-api/students'),
  $.get('https://example.com/json-api/classes'),
).done(function (studentRequest, classRequest) {
  // the rest of the code goes here
});
$.bind(
  $.get('https://example.com/json-api/students'),
  $.get('https://example.com/json-api/classes'),
).done(function (studentRequest, classRequest) {
  // the rest of the code goes here
});
$.ajax('https://example.com/json-api/students', {
  success: function (studentRequest) {
    $.ajax('https://example.com/json-api/classes', {
      success: function (classRequest) {
        // the rest of the code goes here
      },
    });
  },
});

Q5. Given the snippet of HTML below, what is the difference between the two lines that follow it?

<ul>
  <li>Item 1</li>
  <li>Item 2</li>
  <li>Item 3</li>
  <li>Item 4</li>
</ul>
$('ul').find('li').get(2);
$('ul').find('li').eq(2);

Q6. Suppose we want to have a ball created from an HTML element (id=ball) move down and to the right from its original location when clicked, and move back into its original place when finished. Given a starting point of this, which of these snippets would accomplish that goal?

$('#ball').click(function () {
  // Our code goes here
});
$(this).animate(
  { top: '+=100', left: '+=100' },
  {
    duration: 600,
    complete: function () {
      $(this).animate({ top: '-=100', left: '-=100' }, 600);
    },
  },
);
$(this).animate({ top: '-=100', left: '-=100' }, 600, function () {
  $(this).animate({ top: '+=100', left: '+=100' }, 600);
});
$(this).animate(
  { top: '=100', left: '=100' },
  {
    duration: 600,
    complete: function () {
      $(this).animate({ top: 0, left: 0 }, 600);
    },
  },
);
$(this).animate({ top: '100', left: '100' }, 600, function () {
  $(this).animate({ top: 0, left: 0 }, 600);
});

Q7. Given the following CSS and HTML codes below, how could you apply the success class to the feedback div?

.success {
  color: green;
  background: #ddffdd;
}
<div class="feedback">Thank you for answering this survey.</div>

Q8. Below is an example page snippet that includes a couple of messages in a list, and a code snippet that retrieves a few hundred messages from a API endpoints using AJAX. How might we add these items to the page snippet in a way that avoids performance problems with DOM insertions?

<div class="message-area">
  <ul class="message-area--list">
    <li>Existing message 1</li>
    <li>Existing message 2</li>
  </ul>
</div>
$.get('//example.com/api/v1/message').done(function (data) {
  var tonsOfItems = data.messages;
  // add all these messages to a large page
});

Q9. What is jQuery?

'user strict';
($.linkUpdater = function () {
  this.find('a').attr('target', '_blank');
})(jQuery);

Q11. Generally speaking, when used on a web page, how should jQuery be installed, and why?

Q12. Given the following HTML, how could we make this button disappear from the page using jQuery?

<button class="btn btn-primary" type="submit">Continue to checkout</button>

Q13. What is the difference between $('header').html() and $('header').text()?

Q14. When writing jQuery plugins, we often provide default options that may be overridden by the end user. What jQuery function is most useful for this purpose?

Q15. There are times when you might want to programmatically trigger an event, instead of simply reacting to user input directly. Given this markup, Which choice will NOT cause a click event to the select box when the button is clicked?

<article>
  <div>Here's a button you can click: <button class="btn">Click Me</button></div>
  <form>
    <p>Further down the page, there's a select box.</p>
    <select>
      <option value="1">One</option>
      <option value="2">One</option>
      <option value="3">One</option>
      <option value="4">One</option>
    </select>
  </form>
</article>

Q16. You have an absolutely positioned element inside a relatively positioned parent element, and you want to animate that element within its parent element. What jQuery function is most useful for finding the initial coordinates of the .animate-me?

<style>
  .parent {
    position: relative;
    top: 3em;
    width: 50%;
    min-height: 50vh;
    margin: 0 auto;
  }

  .animate-me {
    position: absolute;
    top: 40px;
    right: 30px;
  }
</style>

<div class="parent">
  <div class="animate-me">This box will move!</div>
</div>

Q17. You want to work with AJAX using a Promise-like interface instead of nested callback functions. What jQuery API should you use?

Q18. What is tricky about jQuery’s nth- filters (:nth-child, :nth-of-type, etc.) relative to other filters?

Q19. jQuery’s AJAX functions return objects that implement the Promise API. As a result, you can chain promises and avoid nested callbacks. What does that look like?

$.get('hhttp://httpbin.org/delay/2')
  .then(function (response) {
    // Data from first GET is here as 'response'
    return $.get('http://httpbin.org/delay/2');
  })
  .then(function (response) {
    // Data from second GET is here as 'response'
  });
$.get('hhttp://httpbin.org/delay/2')
  .catch(function (response) {
    // Data from first GET is here as 'response'
    return $.get('http://httpbin.org/delay/2');
  })
  .done(function (response) {
    // Data from second GET is here as 'response'
  });
$.get('hhttp://httpbin.org/delay/2', function (response1) {
  // Data from first GET is here as 'response1'

  $.get('http://httpbin.org/delay/2', function (response2) {
    // Data from second GET is here as 'response2'
  });
});
$.get('hhttp://httpbin.org/delay/2')
  .then(function (response) {
    // Data from first GET is here as 'response'
    return response;
  })
  .get('http://httpbin.org/delay/2', function (response) {
    // Data from second GET is here as 'response'
  });

Q20. You want to have a ball that is created from an HTML element (id=ball) move down and to the right of its original location when clicked, and move back to its original place when finished. What snippet, added to the code below, would do this?

$('#ball').click(function () {
  // Our code goes here
});
$(this).animate(
  {
    top: '-=100',
    left: '-=100',
  },
  600,
  function () {
    $(this).animate(
      {
        top: '+=100',
        left: '+=100',
      },
      600,
    );
  },
);
$(this).animate(
  {
    top: '+=100',
    left: '+=100',
  },
  {
    duration: 600,
    complete: function () {
      $(this).animate(
        {
          top: '-=100',
          left: '-=100',
        },
        600,
      );
    },
  },
);
$(this).animate(
  {
    top: 100,
    left: 100,
  },
  600,
  function () {
    $(this).animate(
      {
        top: 0,
        left: 0,
      },
      600,
    );
  },
);
$(this).animate(
  {
    top: 100,
    left: 100,
  },
  {
    duration: 600,
    complete: function () {
      $(this).animate(
        {
          top: 0,
          left: 0,
        },
        600,
      );
    },
  },
);

Q21. The way .wrap() works is sometimes misunderstood. Given the DOM and jQuery snippets below, what does the modified DOM snippet look like?

<div id="container">
  <div class="item">Here's an item</div>
</div>
$('#container').wrap('<div class="wrapper"></div>').css('border', '2px solid red');
<div class="wrapper" style="border: 2px solid red;">
  <div id="container">
    <div class="item">Here's an item</div>
  </div>
</div>
<div class="wrapper">
  <div id="container" style="border: 2px solid red;">
    <div class="item">Here's an item</div>
  </div>
</div>
<div id="container" style="border: 2px solid red;">
  <div class="wrapper">
    <div class="item">Here's an item</div>
  </div>
</div>
<div id="container">
  <div class="wrapper" style="border: 2px solid red;">
    <div class="item">Here's an item</div>
  </div>
</div>

Q22. How can you select the following blockquote AND the list in a single call to jQuery() without chaining?

<div class="quotes">
  <blockquote data-favorite="false">A quote</blockquote>
  <blockquote data-favorite="true">A favorite quote</blockquote>
  <blockquote data-favorite="false">A quote</blockquote>
  <blockquote data-favorite="false">A quote</blockquote>
</div>

<ul class="menu-first">
  <li>Item 1</li>
  <li>Item 2</li>
  <li>Item 3</li>
  <li>Item 4</li>
</ul>

Q23. Effects like show, hide, fadIn, and fadeOut can be called with no arguments, but can also take arguments for how long they should last. Which is NOT a duration argument supported by these functions?

Q24. Though jQuery offers visual effects, it is considered a best practice to use CSS to set up different states triggered by classes, where it makes sense. What’s the easiest way to enable and disable a class bounce on an element with the ID dialog?

Q25. What is the main difference between selectors and filters?

Q26. You want to create a custom right-click menu. How might you start the code?

Q27. What is the correct way to check how many paragraphs exist on a page using jQuery?

Q28. As with many areas of JavaScript, keeping track of the meaning of this is important and sometimes tricky. What does this mean at each of the two points in this custom plugin snippet?

$.fn.customPlugin = function () {
  // Point 1

  return this.each(function () {
    // Point 2
  });
};
$(document).customPlugin();

Q29. How can you make the first list item bold and the next item oblique, in a single statement chain?

<ul class="menu-first">
  <li>Item 1</li>
  <li>Item 2</li>
  <li>Item 3</li>
  <li>Item 4</li>
</ul>
$('.menu-first > li').eq(0).css('font-weight', 'bold').eq(1).css('font-style', 'oblique');
$('.menu-first > li').first().css('font-weight', 'bold').after().css('font-style', 'oblique');
$('.menu-first > li').first().css('font-weight', 'bold').second().css('font-style', 'oblique');
$('.menu-first > li').eq(0).css('font-weight', 'bold').next().css('font-style', 'oblique');

Q30. Which CSS selectors can you NOT use in jQuery?

Q31. Starting with some DOM elements in the nested structure below, you assign listeners for the same event to a child element and one of the parents using the JavaScript that follows. You want to ensure that when .leaf is clicked, only its event handler will be fired, instead of the click bubbling up and also firing the parent’s click handler. What do you need to add to its handler function?

<ul class="items" id="main-menu">
  <li>
    Item 1
    <ul>
      <li class="leaf">Sub Item 1</li>
      <li>Sub Item 2</li>
    </ul>
  </li>
</ul>
$('.leaf').click(function (event) {
  console.log('Sub Item 1 got a click');
});
$('#main-menu').click(function (event) {
  console.log('Main menu got a click');
});

Q32. Using event delegation, you can listen for events on a lot of different items without having to attach separate listeners to each one. But there are times when you may want to check the type of item receiving the event before doing anything, such as checking if an image was clicked versus a text field. Given the starter code below, which choice shows what jQuery provides to help with that process?

<div id="sidebar">
  <img src="fancy-button.png" alt="Pick Me" />
  <input type="text" placeholder="Fill in something" />
</div>
$('#sidebar').click(function (evt) {
  var $target = $(evt.target);

  // What goes here?
});

Q33. There are many ways to create elements that can be added to the page. Which answer is NOT one of those ways, assuming you have the following on the page?

<div id="elements"></div>
$('#elements').append($('<p class="appended">As an HTML string</p>'));
var p = document.createElement('p');
var text = document.createTextNode('As a DOM element');
p.appendChild(text);
$('#elements').append(p);
$('#elements').append(<p class="appended">As a JSX object</p>);
$('#elements').append(
  $('<p>', {
    class: 'appended',
    text: 'As an attribute object',
  }),
);

Q34. The .addClass() and .removeClass() methods can accept functions as arguments. What does this function do?

$('#menu').addClass(function () {
  return $('body').attr('class');
});

Q35. You’re working on a site that uses an old version of jQuery, and you want to update to a newer version. What’s the most efficient way to do so?

Q37. What does $() mean in jQuery?

Q38. Along with DOM traversal and manipulation, jQuery offers several general-purpose helper functions that fill in some JavaScript gaps, especially before ES2015. Which is NOT a jQuery utility function?

Q39. Given this set of checkboxes, how can you select the ones that have the phrase “sun” as part of the value?

<input type="checkbox" name="artists[]" value="sun-ra" />
<input type="checkbox" name="artists[]" value="otis-redding" />
<input type="checkbox" name="artists[]" value="captain-beefheart" />
<input type="checkbox" name="artists[]" value="king-sunny-ade" />
<input type="checkbox" name="artists[]" value="weather-report" />

Q40. How can you get an AJAX request to go through without triggering any of jQuery’s AJAX events?

Q41. How do you change the current value of a text field with the class .form-item to “555-1212”?

Q42. How would you fire a callback when any AJAX request on a page has completed?

Q43. Given this set of checkboxes, how can you select the one with the value “blimp”?

<input type="checkbox" name="songs[]" value="satisfaction" />
<input type="checkbox" name="songs[]" value="respect" />
<input type="checkbox" name="songs[]" value="blimp" />
<input type="checkbox" name="songs[]" value="saturn" />
<input type="checkbox" name="songs[]" value="penguins" />

Q44. Given this snippet of HTML and jQuery code, what does the jQuery do?

<ul class="menu">
  <li><a href="#" class="active">Home</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">Page 2</a></li>
</ul>
<ul class="active submenu">
  <li><a href="#">Subpage 1</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">Subpage 2</a></li>
</ul>
var m = $('.menu'),
  sm = $('.submenu');
m.add(sm);
m.css('font-weight', 'bold');

Q45. You want to take a block of type and animate it to a larger size with jQuery. The following HTML and JavaScript behaves strangely. What is the issue?

<div id="type" style="font: 1em/1.5 helvetica, arial, sans-serif; background: #ffc; padding: 0">
  Animate me!
</div>
$('#type').animate(
  {
    fontSize: '+=1em',
  },
  3000,
);

Q46. When using the clone() function to duplicate an element, what is one of the main concerns your code needs to watch out for?

Q47. When incorporating a plugin into a project, what are the important steps for basic installation and usage?

Q48. These two script tags show different ways of using jQuery’s ready() method. What is true about both approaches?

<script>
  $(function() {
    // The rest of my code goes here
  });
</script>

<script>
  jQuery(document).ready(function($) {
    // The rest of my code goes here
  });
</script>

Q49. Which property of the jQuery event object references the DOM object that dispatched an event?

Q50. Which describes how jQuery makes working with the DOM faster?

Q51. There are some issues with this snippet of jQuery. First, it is manipulating CSS directly, rather than manipulating classes and leaving the CSS in stylesheets. What else in this code is best to avoid?

$('.item').css('background-color', 'red');
// some other code here
var firstSubItem = $('.item').find('.sub-item').get(0);
// some other code here too
$('.item').parents('.navigation').css('font-weight', 'bold');

Q52. Which choice is an example of statement chaining?

Q53. How can you ensure that some code executes only when a class active appears on an element?

Q54. jQuery has a main function for handling AJAX, and several shorthand function including load() that make calling that main function easier. Given this HTML snippet, how can you insert only the second snippet from the source.html file (div#one) into the #load-me div on-demand via AJAX?

<div id="load-me">This area will be replaced with AJAX loaded content.</div>

<div id="one">
  <h1>First Piece</h1>

  <p>Lorem ipsum duis maximus quam condimentum dolor eleifend scelerisque.</p>
</div>

<div id="two">
  <h1>Second Piece</h1>

  <p>Lorem ipsum proin facilisis augue in risus interdum ornare.</p>
</div>

Q55. Given this HTML list and subsequent two lines of jQuery, what is the difference in the behavior of .closest() and .parents()?

<ul class="items" id="main-menu">
  <li>
    Item 1
    <ul id="sub-menu">
      <li class="leaf">Sub Item 1</li>
      <li>Sub Item 2</li>
    </ul>
  </li>
</ul>
$('.leaf').closest('.items');
$('.leaf').parents('.items');

Q56. What does this line of code do?

$('ul > li:first-child');

Q57. Below is a list of items that you want to be clickable and an event handler function. How can you assign the event handler to every item in the list in a way that is most performant, and also that ensures that the handler is called even if more items are added to the list programmatically?

<ul class="clickable-list">
  <li>First Item</li>
  <li>Second Item</li>
  <li>Third Item</li>
  <li>Fourth Item</li>
  <li>Fifth Item</li>
</ul>
function listResponder(evt) {
  console.log('You clicked a list item that says', evt.target.innerText);
}

Q58. What is the difference between $(‘p’).find(‘a’) and $(‘p’).children(‘a’)?

Q59. Consider the following markup, used to lay out three balls on the page, all hidden. How can you select the green ball, make it faded in over the course of three seconds, and log a console message when the animation has finished?

<div class="balls">
  <div class="ball ball--red" style="display: none"></div>
  <div class="ball ball--green" style="display: none"></div>
  <div class="ball ball--blue" style="display: none"></div>
</div>
$('.ball--green').fadeIn(3000, function(){
    console.log("Animation is done!");
});
$('.ball--green').fade('in',3000).done(function(){
    console.log("Animation is done!");
});
$('.ball--green').fadeIn(3).console().log("Animation is done!");
$('.ball--green').fadeIn("3s", function(){
    console.log("Animation is done!");
});

Q60. Why might you use custom events instead of shared helper functions? For example:

$(document).on('myCustomEvent', function(){
    // act on my custom event
});

//and later...
$(document).trigger('myCustomEvent');

Q61. In the HTML and JavaScript below, the animations will all fire at once. How can you make them fire in sequence instead?

<div id="element-1" class="animel"></div>
<div id="element-2" class="animel"></div>
<div id="element-3" class="animel"></div>

$('#element-1').animate({ top: '+=100' }); $('#element-2').animate({ top: '+=100' });
$('#element-3').animate({ top: '+=100' });
$('element-1').animate({ top: '+=100' })
    .pushStack('#element-2')
    .animate({ top: '+=100' })
    .pushStack('#element-3').animate({ top: '+=100' })
$('element-1').animate({ top: '+=100' }, function() {
    $('element-2').animate({ top: '+=100' }, function() {
        $('element-3').animate({ top: '+=100' });
    })
});
$('element-1').animate({ top: '+=100' })
    .add('element-2').animate({ top: '+=100' })
    .add('element-3').animate({ top: '+=100' })
$('element-1').animate({ top: '+=100' }, {queue: 'custom'});
$('element-2').animate({ top: '+=100' }, {queue: 'custom'});
$('element-3').animate({ top: '+=100' }, {queue: 'custom'});
$('custom').dequeue();